The latest Scottish business survey by the Scottish Chambers of Commerce (SCC) shows Scottish firms and the economy “faltering under increasing cost pressures and declining business confidence.”
The SCC report said that as a result “cashflow and profits are falling, investment decisions have paused, firms are raising prices and struggling to recruit and retain staff.”
It said 82% of all Scottish firms surveyed indicate that they intend to raise prices over the next quarter.
The retail and tourism sectors had the highest proportion of firms indicating future price rises at 77% and 76% of firms respectively.
Concern over energy bills has halved since the previous quarter, attributed to the UK Government’s energy bill relief scheme which took effect from October 2022.
Labour costs have now taken precedence as the leading cost pressure, cited by 72% of firms.
Concern over fuel costs and raw material prices remains high, both being cited by six in 10 firms.
Concern about inflation has eased for a second successive quarter but remains high with 80% of firms citing it over Q4.
The next highest concerns are interest rates (50%) which has seen nearly a 15% increase since Q3 2022.
“On balance, all firms have reported a fall in confidence compared to the previous quarter and a more significant fall compared to last year,” said the SCC.
“On a sectoral basis, every sector reported a fall in confidence with retail and tourism seeing the largest fall when compared to the previous quarter.”
Scottish Chambers of Commerce President Stephen Leckie said: “The end of 2022 turned out to be a bleak period for Scottish businesses.
“All sectors are coming under immense strain because of upfront costs which are hitting cashflow and profits.
“Additional cost pressures are adding to this burden, particularly with rising staff costs, which is leading the majority of businesses to raise prices.
“There can be little doubt that recessionary effects are dragging the Scottish economy away from recovery and growth.
“The survey results paint a particularly worrying picture for the retail and tourism sectors with contractions in future sales and investment intentions.
“As relief packages come to an end, businesses are extremely concerned particularly on energy prices which continue to be volatile. Any sudden removal of this support could severely impact business survivability.
“We call on the UK and Scottish Government to urgently support SMEs by providing relief packages and a clear economic plan …
“Persistent challenges over access to labour and retaining talent are beginning to take precedence as a leading concern for firms. Both the Scottish and UK Government need to act quickly to alleviate the challenges in the workforce.
“At Westminster, we need to see a flexible migration system which aligns with economic need so businesses can hire and attract the international workforce to live and work in the UK. With more vacancies in the UK than people available to fill them, this is an essential route that cannot be avoided if we are serious about economic growth.
“At Holyrood, we have called for measures to tailor elements of the careers service offering to bring older workers back into the workforce, alongside measures to offer more opportunities for economically disadvantaged individuals, to support the competitiveness of Scottish businesses.”
Mairi Spowage, Director at the University of Strathclyde’s Fraser of Allander Institute, said: “Setting out the economic and fiscal context can currently feel a bit like groundhog day, with concerns about economic conditions simply seemingly get worse as we kick off 2023.
“The consensus now is that the UK and Scottish economy are in recession: and the only debate among forecasters is exactly when it starts and how many quarters long it will be.
“Front and centre for both consumers and businesses are of course energy costs. While the UK Government has put in place very costly help for both groups, it does mean that there is much more pain still to come in April.
“The Energy Bill Discount Scheme announced last week is much less generous than the scheme in place before the end of March – and will see energy costs for some businesses potentially double yet again.
“As is clear from the survey published today, though, the story of increased costs is not just about energy – labour market costs are also a significant part of the story.
“The latest data for wage growth in the UK published this week shows that pay in the private sector increased by 7.2% in the 3 months to November.
“In the last few months we have seen falls in the number of vacancies in the UK compared to the heights of the summer, but there is still an incredibly tight labour market: making vacancies very hard to fill and pushing up costs.
“We must be positive about the ability of Scottish businesses to weather the storm – they have proven their resilience over the past three, very challenging, years.
“What is clear is that they will have to draw on that further during 2023.”